It is located in the Muy Muy municipality of the Matagalpa department. It has an area of ​​330 hectares. The protected area was declared through Presidential Decree 42-91, published in La Gaceta on November 4, 1991.

Pancasán is a sumo word that means “hill of the tapir”. It is a moderately thick, conical-shaped hill that rises about 600 meters isolated to the north of the valley of the Rio Grande de Matagalpa and between the Guabule and Quirragua mountain ranges. It is obviously an old Tertiary volcanic cone where erosion has denuded its crater. At its feet some adventitious cones rise, such as the Cusuca, Providencia and Los Mojones hills that rise at the southern base, and Paipik at its northern base. In the latter, the ancient erosion has collapsed the cone and exposed the rocky central chimney.

Cerro pancasan- Matagalpa

It presents sub-humid tropical forest, characterized by being a high and dense forest in which we can find species such as the royal cedar, sangredrago, laurel, guabas, guabillo, guarumo, chaperno, mico sapote, calf guácimo, cuajiniquil, ash guaba, ceiba, beans, pink guava, black guaba, white guaba, lemongrass, maría, shade of armado, guacimillo, balsam, medlar and soonalivio; and in the highest part there are species such as sand, bucaro, walnut, helequeme, montero avocado, oak-oak, tamarind, majagua. Among the shrubs and herbaceous are epiphytic ferns, orchid catasetum, begonia plebejum, cordoncillo, heliconia, diochlea, star apple, pachyrrizus, mampás, santamaria,  castilleja, hyptis globosa, pseudoelephantopus and heliotropium.

Despite the small extension of the area, there is a varied fauna, possibly due to the little disturbance it has had in recent years. Species such as the curre, lora, guardatinaja, guatuza, rabbit there are few, congo monkey, white-faced monkey, deer, sahíno, wild rooster, chocoyos, cusuco, red squirrel y black squirrel.

Activities

  • Trekking, which allows you to enjoy pure nature.
  • visit Historic place "Heroic gestures of Pancasán", where one of the first battles was fought between the Sandinista Front and the National Guard in the late 60s.
  • Landscaping, from sites of geological and panoramic interest such as the Hill of the Mojones and the Colorado hill.