The Bosawás biosphere reserve is located in the territories of the municipalities of Wiwilí, El Cua and San José de Bocay in the department of Jinotega, Wiwilí de Nueva Segovia, Waslala, Bonaza, Siuna and Waspán in the autonomous region of the North Caribbean Coast of Nicaragua.

It was recognized by the Program: Man and the Biosphere, in October 1997 and ratified by the Government of Nicaragua in 2001, through Law 407 “Law that declares and defines the Bosawás Biosphere Reserve”; since it is part of the heart of the Mesoamerican biological corridor and is in turn the second largest of the tropical forests of the American continent, after the Amazon jungle; It is also considered a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.


Bosawás Protected Area

It represents 15% of the Nicaraguan national territory and is divided into two large zones: the core zone with 8,065.93 km², which is made up of six protected areas: Bosawás Nature Reserve (6,811 km²), Cerro Saslaya National Park (631.30 km²), Reserve Cerro Cola Blanca Natural (105.2 km²), Banacruz Natural Reserve (271 km²), Peñas Blancas Massifs (115.5 km²), Cerro Kilambé Natural Reserve (126 km²); and the buffer zone with 11,861.96 km².

It should be noted that the reserve is inhabited almost exclusively by the Mayagna and Miskito indigenous ethnic groups, who maintain many of their traditional forms of integral and sustainable management of ecosystems. The Miskitos live mainly on the banks of the Coco River; while the Mayagnas live in the central zone of the reserve and the banks of the Pis-Pis, Waspuk, Bocay and Laku rivers. Its economy is basically subsistence: migratory agriculture, fishing, hunting and gathering.


  • Mountaineering in the Cerro Saslaya National Park.
  • Hiking, in the different nature reserves that make up Bosawás.

visit him

Through Siuna which is located 318 kilometers from Managua; Or going through Jinotega: From Managua to Jinotega there are 168 kilometers of paved road, from Jinotega to El Cua are 69 kilometers of partially paved road, from Cua to San José de Bocay there are 32.5 kilometers of road and from San José de Bocay to Ayápal there are 37 kilometers of road in good condition. In other words, from Mangua to Ayápal are about 307 km, which can be translated into almost a day of travel.