It is located in the central region between the municipalities of San Ramón and Matagalpa in the department of Matagalpa. It has an area of ​​1962 hectares. It was declared through Presidential Decree 42-91, published in La Gaceta on November 4, 1991. Its name means "hill of water" in Nahuatl and is due to the fact that numerous sources of water are born in this place that are used for consumption. human of the urban area and part of the rural area of ​​Matagalpa.

It features a tropical cloud forest with 75 species of plants, including a mix of trees such as sweetgum and walnut, which come from North America and whose southern limit of distribution is in Nicaragua; Likewise, several species of oak and Pine; On the other hand, 8 registered orchid species are known, with the probability that there are more, and giant tree ferns known as monkey's tail.


Waterfall in Apante

The fauna of the slopes is made up of various mammals such as howler monkeys, which are the most representative and visible of the place; You can also see deer, coyotes, opossums, keepers, chocoyos, buzzards. Inside the water you can see guapotes and mojarras, some native to the place; In addition, tilapias have been introduced that threaten the existence of natural species; Likewise, there are frogs and reptiles that take advantage of the water and lead a life inside and outside of it; there are crabs, shrimp, and other aquatic arthropods. On the other hand, 10 species of birds are reported as the peacock bass y chachalaca.


  • Trekking, naturalistic interpretation of the forest.
  • Sighting of birds and mammals.
  • Walks to the different waterfalls in the reserve.
  • Landscaping and Photography, from the Apante Viewpoint and La Cruz de Cerro Largo Viewpoint.