Fishermen of Cocibolca _moyogalpa_cultura1

Fishermen of the Cocibolca

The first inhabitants of the municipality were settled in their fertile lands 4000 years ago, they had permanent houses and they sailed the lake, in boats made of a single trunk.

Those first settlers were invaded by Chorotega groups that arrived around the year 800 AD and they in turn were displaced by the Nahua-Nicaro group that settled in Rivas, approximately in 1400 AD.

The pre-Hispanic settlements in this territory are famous for their wealth, concentrated in the surroundings of residential mounds. The most abundant archaeological material goods are bichrome and polychrome ceramics, splendid vases, censers, petroglyphs and monumental sculptures with human forms (anthropomorphic) that hold power animals on their heads, such as jaguars and eagles.

The first Spaniard to set foot on Ometepian land was Gabriel de Rojas, in 1529. At the beginning of the colony this municipality played a minor role due to its insular character. By 1589 there was already a convent with two Franciscan friars, however - in secret - the indigenous traditions continued for some 300 years after the Conquest.

Gabriel de Rojas_moyogalpa_culture2

Gabriel de Rojas

The population in 1685 was 52 indigenous people and in 1751, when Fray Agustín Morel de Santa Cruz visited the place there were 12 straw ranches and about 100 inhabitants. By 1856 this lake port had about 60 thatched houses and about 500 inhabitants, the vast majority of them indigenous.

Between the end of the 40th century and the beginning of the XNUMXth century, this municipality was a source of wood for the mainland populations, in particular for Granada and Rivas. Its natural wealth allowed the mestizos to discover the enormous cultural wealth of some XNUMX archaeological sites, scattered throughout their territory and since that time abundant samples of the glorious past of their indigenous populations have been manifested.

Around the year 1870, the steamships to Moyogalpa, one of the first was the "Victoria", donated by Queen Victoria of England. In 1955 the first motorboat for collective service and the ferries arrived from 1998.

Traditional crafts and crafts

In this municipality, the traditional artisan activities with indigenous roots, which still persist, are those made from the fruit of the jícaro tree, from which everyday objects are made as part of the daily tableware and decorated works, in particular glasses and bowls made from the bark of the jícaro fruit.

Some fine wood trees They are also used as raw material to make human and animal figures, offered for interior and exterior decoration. Local crafts also include the manufacture and supply of figures made in the coconut bark, such as monkeys, birds, witches, jewelry boxes and earrings.

Filigree jícaras_moyogalpa_galeria_cultura2

Filigree gourds

Be fisherman It is the trade that is learned since childhood on the island, with which other activities are combined to complement the family diet. This is a traditional trade that is practically performed from many homes in Moyogalpa, the most widespread technique is the use of a small network called “Cast net", which can be totally manipulated by a single person.

In the community of San Jose del Sur there are good weavers “cast nets”Which are the instrument par excellence to ensure lake food, a necessity for a town where each house has its supplier of fish.

Due to the insular location of the municipality, wood construction taking advantage of local resources has been very important. The trades of Carpenter y cabinetmaker they were developed to have great master cabinetmakers of great quality.

Another traditional craft of the town is that of sailor, which requires extensive knowledge of navigation and its relationship with the lake environment and surrounding natural phenomena.

In recent times the office of tour guide It has become popular due to the increase in tourist visitation and also because Moyogalpa is the main gateway to the island of Ometepe. The guides are currently organized in the Ometepe Guides Union (UGO). Always be accompanied by a local guide to visit the island's volcanoes.

Artistic expressions, music and traditional dances 

Dance and theater: Moyogalpa has groups that are dedicated to practicing folk dances and theater. They practice all year round to decorate traditional activities such as "Las Inditas", as well as to liven up fairs, tourist galas, government events or to attend invitations in other municipalities and departments, representing their locality. Among the most colorful and well-known dance and theater groups is the artistic group José Luis Avilés Dance Group, Municipal Dance, Divino Niño and Xochiquétzal Dance Group.

Music: the cheerful fairs of the municipality are appropriate to have a touch of the musical skills of local artists. In them you can enjoy the deployment of the rhythmic bands and comparsas of some educational centers, as well as promoting the municipal choirs.

The lively town fairs are appropriate to get a glimpse of the musical talents of local artists. In them you can enjoy the deployment of rhythmic bands and troupes of some educational centers.

Painters and sculptors: the municipality has started an artistic awakening in recent years. Local artisans have gone from simple production to improved distribution and marketing of their artistic works. There is an art gallery and even offers for local art that are sold online.

The first artist who put up in the name of the island was the master Arnoldo Guillen, painter and sculptor, member of the Praxis plastic movement, who launched his career by painting volcanoes with modernist designs. Master Guillén currently resides in Nindirí, Masaya.

Points of interest that you must visit

Arnoldo Guillen_moyogalpa_cultura5

Arnoldo Guillen

Archaeological exhibition of Ligia González de García: With the interest of participating in the conservation of the enormous archaeological wealth of her municipality, Mrs. Ligia González de García founded with the pieces from her own collection, an exhibition of some 200 representative pieces of the native culture of Ometepe, among which are enormous funeral urns, a stone sculpture and a good group of lithic instruments, the majority coming from his farm located in the community of White land.

Archaeological room Hotel Ometepetl: in the facilities of Hotel Ometepetl, property of Mrs. Nora Gómez, you can see a varied collection of archaeological objects collected without their context, but qualitatively representative of the cultural wealth of the municipality. You will find some ceramic tripod vessels, remains of polychrome and monochrome pieces, as well as simple grinding stones whose archaeological name is metates, in addition you will see medium-sized funeral urns in the shape of a shoe.

El Ceibo archaeological museum: This surprising museum founded in 2007, has a collection of more than 1,500 pre-Columbian pieces, on permanent display, which are presented through 200 mand are distributed over three floors of an old tobacco cellar.

The collection includes excellent ceramic vessels representative of the different chronological periods of the island, as well as of commercial exchanges. There is a recreation of a pre-Hispanic tomb, body ornaments, metates, stone tools, and 16 rock-engraved rocks in the outer garden.

El Ceibo Numismatic Museum: It is the largest private collection of banknotes and coins in Nicaragua and the culmination of a work that began in 1976. The numismatic exhibition is spread over several rooms to display more than 750 banknotes and coins. The tour of this museum is an exquisite recreation of the history of Nicaragua through its coins and bills, from cocoa and macuquinas to recent paper money.

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2023-01-26T16:17:36+00:00

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