Horno Grande mountain range_achuapa_infogeneral2The municipality of Achuapa is located in the north of the department of León, in the so-called interior highlands, it is generally mountainous and in the northeast is what is known as the Horno Grande mountain range, with elevations between 900 and 1,350 meters.

The predominant slopes are between 30 and 45%, which gives it strong agroforestry potential.

The main elevations that stand out are: to the north San Jerónimo de Bobadilla, Cerro La Zorra and El Roblito; to the south, La Mina and El Arrayán hills; to the east the Horno Grande mountain range, where the source of the Chiquito river is born and to the west the La Flor hill, El Jocote, Verde hill, Sulicayan, La Culebra and the El Chifle mountain range.

La Natural reserve (Quiabuc - Las Brisas) El Waylo it is shared with the municipalities of Achuapa, Estelí, San Juan de Limay and El Sauce.

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Chinese flower.

This is a natural attraction that has a pleasant climate; Here you can take walks through the forest along the different trails of the place, observe the flora and fauna, enjoy panoramic views of the entire Maribios mountain range and some plateaus of the Estelí department, and learn about the productions of coffee, corn and other crops than in the area.

From the middle and upper part you can see the Maribios mountain range and some plateaus of the Estelí department. Visiting it is an incredible experience, as one goes up one finds various ecosystems, from agricultural and livestock, to natural and well-preserved ones.

Another site you can visit is The Trench, in the El Lagartillo region, located in the buffer zone of the Quiabuc Reserve - Las BrisasIts main attraction is the presence of streams, springs and pools such as El Ojoche.

One of the waterfalls has a drop of 40 meters. These are sites for aquatic recreation and landscape contemplation. Here part of the native vegetation is preserved, so we recommend taking walks to observe the flora and fauna of the place.

One of the curious places that you can visit is the cueva where the buzzards sleep. When you return to the El Lagartillo community, you can interact with its inhabitants and learn about their customs and agricultural activities.

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Wonder flower.

El shigh of La Viuda, located on the highway to Estelí, is a private conservation initiative. The peculiarity is the presence of streams, preserved forests and cliffs. Some of the activities that can be done here are walks through the forest area, to observe the flora and fauna, contemplation of the landscape in viewpoints and in the upper parts of the cliff, and of course the aquatic recreation in the jump.

Another alternative is to visit the banks of the El Coyolar and Río Chiquito rivers, which together make up the Achuapita river. You can take walks to observe landscapes and birds, immerse yourself in the waters of these rivers to recreate or fish.

The municipality has a dry subtropical climate and the ecosystems observed are: pine forests, located in the highest parts and dominated by the species pinus oocarp. Dry transitional forest, in the middle and lower parts, where part of the species shed their leaves during the summer. Many of the livestock areas that are in disuse or in rest develop this ecosystem, although it lacks timber species or others that are no longer in the area.

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Wasp flower.

The aquatic ecosystem and gallery forest is represented by the El Coyolar River and the Chiquito River, the surrounding forests have characteristic species of dry forest but generally more developed, and some do not completely lose their leaves during the summer.

The agroforestry system is represented by perennial crops that use trees, including shade coffee, avocado, papaya, and banana. In the agricultural system, the arable layer in the municipality is not very deep, but even so, basic grain crops such as rice, corn, beans and sesame are developed. Sorghum, peanuts, soybeans, squash, cassava, pipián, taro, chiltoma, onion, tomato, sugar cane and pineapple are also cultivated.

Grasslands, both natural pastures and improved for raising livestock, are part of this ecosystem, they are grazed areas that have worn away the soils and the arable layer.

Among the representative species of flora are pine, calf guácimo, coralito, blackberry, coal, cornizuelo, sacuanjoche, zapotillo, quesillo, poro-poro, laurel, black guanacaste, espadillo, sweet jocote, mango, sardinillo, oak, black laurel , jiñocuabo and carao.

The most predominant species of fauna are: the tiger, the raccoon, the bare-tailed fox, the spinning fox, the mión fox.Congo, Guardatinajas, Guatuza, Pizote, Sahino, Cusuco, Guacharaca, Carrot, Magpie, Zenzontle, Garrobo, Rattlesnake and River Shrimp.

The pine tree is used for wood, and from the leaves and cones beautiful crafts are made such as containers, tableware, Christmas decorations, among others.


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