The municipality of Puerto Cabezas is located in the eastern central part of the Autonomous Region of the North Caribbean Coast. Here a well-defined physiography is presented: low plains that are distributed parallel to the coastline; with heights of 0-100 m asl, they are permanently humid lands and the moderate relief undulating, with large swampy areas subject to flooding.

Puerto Cabezas or Bilwi has two places for the development of sun and beach tourism, La Bocana and El Muelle, both still have important natural features such as the presence of birds and coastal vegetation.

Intercostal Canal Haulover puerto cabeza_naturaleza_gal16

Haulover Intercostal Canal

La Miskitos Cays Marine Reserve presents a coral barrier, in it are 76 formations among which estuaries, reefs, keys, banks of underwater grasses and islets stand out; 12 of these formations are covered with vegetation, making them islands.

La reserve It is a complex marine-coastal ecosystem that includes, in addition to the marine surface, an area belonging to the coastal strip of 20 kilometers inland, from Cabo Gracias a Dios to Wouhnta.

Among the activities that can be carried out in the reserve is exploration through boat rides, swimming in the sea and the keys, snorkeling in the shallow waters, sport fishing, diving and bird watching tours.

Laak Pan River and Tuapi Tara: where you can observe beautiful natural landscapes of its surroundings, tour the communities, take a boat or pipe ride, interact with the community and learn about its culture. Located in the community of Tuapi.

Wawa Bar Beach: this is a place where nature manifests itself in all its splendor, here you can hike along the coast, enjoy its waters, take boat rides, visit the community and enjoy the local culture. He's in the Wawa community.

Another natural reference is the Laguna de Karata, located to the south of the urban area, the interior of the lagoon is connected to the Caribbean Sea through a series of channels. Karata presents a lagoon suitable for water sports and live the fishing experience. Species such as snook, tarpon and natural shrimp, in season, are predominant. There is a large area of ​​mangroves and channels that run through the Wawa River, where you can see lizards, birds and monkeys. You can also see small lagoons with migratory birds.

La Pahara Lagoon between the Wawa and Prinzapolka rivers, it is part of an extensive swamp unique in Nicaragua. In fact, there seems to converge a whole network of tributaries and channels that interconnect with the neighboring deltas and lagoons of Bismuna, El Cabo, Dakura, Kukira and Karata; all are part of an indecisive and confusing drainage in a wide delta, where much of the land in this coastal section remains flooded all year round, but in summer, when the water level drops, “islands” or drier patches remain where vegetation grows that does not require permanent humidity to survive. Musaceae (banana, plantain, banana) and citrus fruits are mainly established. In the agricultural system Basic grain crops are the most established in the municipality, cassava and sugar cane are also grown. 

Among the representative plant species in the municipality are: palanco, papaya, white blood, sotacaballo, tabacón, male cedar, hawk, red guaba, bimbayan, guayabón, almond tree, chilamate, comenegro, male pine, ceiba, mahogany, royal cedar , cuts, espavel, rubber, leche maría, egg yolk, bamboo, capulín, mico ladder, white guácimo, mangrove, cob, nancite, santa maría, long sleeve and nancitón.

The representative species of fauna are: deer, tigrillo, cusuco, pizote, sahino, guardatinaja, squirrel, yellow bearded snake, rat snake, iguana, lizard, cuajipal, shark, mackerel, curvina, snook, hurel, snapper, tuna, shrimp, lobster, green turtle, hawksbill turtle, among others.


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