The municipality of Quezalguaque is located in the geomorphological province of the Pacific plain or coastal plain. It is relatively flat and two sectors are identified; one called the plain, which goes from 20-200 m above sea level, there are well deep and drained soils suitable for the development of agriculture.

The other sector is called Pie de Monte de la Cordillera de los Maribios, with elevations between 200-320 m above sea level, the soils are fragile, superficial, stony in some places, eroded by deforestation. It has many ravines and its potential use is for the conservation of natural resources.


Eucalyptus tree.

Another important site is the hydrographic network, where you can take short walks to observe the gallery forest, some species of birds and reptiles, or enjoy aquatic recreation. The rivers generally run more during the winter and among the most important we can mention the Quetzalguaque River, with an extension of 15 kilometers and its tributaries and the Mitapán river approximately 17 kilometers in length.

Regarding ecosystems, we can find the dry forest intervened. With very little extension, this forest is located at the base and middle part of the Cordillera de los Maribios. The predominant species are secondary growth, lacking timber species and few strata. Most of the species lose their leaves during the summer.

In the shrubby vegetation, species less than five meters high are dominant, many of them are thorny. It is closely associated with the practice of extensive livestock.

The use of native grasses predominates, although improved grasses are used in some production units. It is associated with intensive livestock.

bare-tailed fox _quezalguaque_naturaleza1

Stripped tail fox.

The agricultural system is the largest ecosystem in the municipality, represented by the crops of soybeans, peanuts, sorghum, rice, sesame, sugar cane, corn and beans.The representative species of the municipality are those that are planted as a living fence or good for shade in patios and lots. Among these we can mention eucalyptus, black wood, tiguilote, calf guácimo, avocado, mango, jiñocuabo, lemon, sour orange and jocote.

Because there are not many forest areas in the municipality, the species of fauna are generalists, among which the bare-tailed foxes, iguana, garrobo, carrots, güises, salta piñuela and zenzontle stand out.

A small territorial extension of the municipality belongs to the Cordillera de Los Maribios, declared a Natural Reserve. In this municipality, it is protected above the level of 300 m asl what constitutes the foot of the mountain range of the Maribios, in the northern part of the municipality and to the east, on the border with the municipality of Telica.


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