The flora of this system is one of the richest, standing out the male cedar, laurel, mahogany, almond, rubber and oak. Fruit trees of coconut, medlar, icacos, breadfruit, pejibaye, chestnut, musaceae (plantains, bananas), tubers and roots.

The fauna, like the flora, is one of the richest and with a diversity that has not yet been accurately documented, among the most emblematic species are the gaspar, snook, roncador, lizard, guajipal, mojarras, turtles , guapotes, lagoons, sawfish, king shad, machaca, sardines, and tilapia.

Among the group of birds are the red and green limpets, blue-naped parrots, parrots, chocoyos, toucans, belts, hawks, king of the buzzards, herons, garzones, martín peña, chachalacas, turkeys, peacocks, quails, güises, zenzontles , guard ravines, carpenters; and among the reptiles, the black and green iguanas, garrobos, velvet snakes, coral, blood vipers, frogs and other amphibians of multiple species stand out.

And in mammals, the municipality has deer, guillas, wild pig (saínos), cusuco, rabbit, tigrillo, lions, pisote, raccoons, mountain cat, squirrels, foxes, skunks and the most emblematic of all, the manatee that it is at risk of extinction. The municipality is part of the Río San Juan Wildlife Refuge, which was also recognized as RAMSAR site No. 1138 in 2001.

The predominant climate is tropical jungle, characterized as humid, with maximum temperatures of 32 ° C and minimum temperatures of 22 ° C. Rainfall varies between 4,000 and 6,000 mm, characterized by a good distribution throughout the year. San Juan del Norte has within its plain the very humid tropical forest, which is characterized by being dense and evergreen, multitracked and with gigantic lianas.

The main natural attractions that the municipality has are: Indio-Maíz Biological Reserve, one of the best preserved reserves in Nicaragua, has an area of ​​3,180 kmwhere it houses a variety of bird species, in which the toucan, limpets and parrots stand out, it is also home to the three species of monkeys that exist in the country: white-faced monkey, howler monkey and spider monkey; Here you can immerse yourself in the jungle and take guided walks by the Rama community who are the only ones who know this territory well, who offer you accommodation if you want to stay in the reserve.

The Indian River travels a large part of the reserve, here you can admire its crystal clear waters, take a dip and observe a great variety of fauna that is in its surroundings, it is quite an experience. It is located at the eastern end of the town of Greytown and if you are lucky you will see a manatee on the riverbank.

Meet the Wetlands of San Juan de Nicaragua, They have a high level of endemism surrounded by diverse flora and fauna, which allows the admiration of these species and beautiful scenery practically unaltered.

La Caribbean sea coast where the Indio and San Juan rivers flow, on its beach you can find hawksbill, toras and green turtles, especially in the months of June to August, which is the time when massive arrivals are registered. You can rest in its sand and contemplate the landscape.

La blue Lagoon It is a body of fresh water where you can take a refreshing dip. It is very visited on weekends and at Easter by its inhabitants, here you will share with the locals, enjoy its fresh waters and taste their meals. Located 500 meters from the town.

You can also know the vegetation of swamps, which are found in poorly drained areas next to the San Juan River and in the lower reaches of the Indio River. The predominant vegetation are water lettuces, which serve as food for some aquatic species such as guapotes and jackals, there is an abundance in addition to palms, mainly yolillo.


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