Bosawás Biosphere Reserve
Located in the territories of Wiwilí, El Cuá and San José de Bocay in the department of Jinotega, Wiwilí in Nueva Segovia, Waslala, Bonaza, Siuna and Waspam in the Autonomous Region of the North Caribbean Coast.
It forms part of the heart of the Mesoamerican biological corridor and is in turn the second largest of the tropical forests of the American continent, after the Amazon forest.
It represents 15% of the national territory. The Mayangna and Miskito indigenous ethnic groups live here almost exclusively, maintaining many of their traditional forms of comprehensive and sustainable management of ecosystems.
Indio Maiz Biosphere Reserve
It is considered one of the best preserved nature reserves in Nicaragua. It is located in the southeast corner of the country, bordering the San Juan River. The reserve covers 3,180 km² and is home to a wide variety of jungle animals.
Be sure to visit the department that houses it, Río San JuanIt has many mysterious places to discover, it was the scene of various historical events over the years, it was a transit route.
Its chronicles tell how amazed you will be to visit its Solentiname archipelago, Los Guatuzos, its fortress in El Castillo or its magical little towns with friendly people.
Ometepe Island Biosphere Reserve
The largest island in the world with two volcanoes in the middle of a freshwater lake, it attracts more and more visitors year after year, definitely a fascinating natural wonder.
It has an extension of 276 km², with 31 kilometers long and approximately 10 kilometers wide. This island, with exuberant nature, rich in history and friendly people, is made up of two imposing conical volcanoes, Concepción (1,610 m above sea level) and Maderas (1,394 m above sea level).
Much to offer to those who visit: beautiful beaches, interpretive trails, archeology, museums and various species of animals and orchids.
Some destinations in the country are part of Central America Green (Environmental Certification), in them you can enjoy a quality ecotourism product, comfortable, safe, authentically natural and committed to conservation and human development. Among them, the Mombacho Volcano Nature Reserve, the Masaya Volcano National Park and the Los Guatuzos Wildlife Refuge stand out.
First geopark in Central America and eighth in Latin America
On July 7, 2020, UNESCO approved the Rio Coco Geopark designation, which covers the municipalities of Somoto, Totogalpa, San Lucas, Las Sabanas and San José de Cusmapa in the department of Madriz, comprising almost 1,000 square kilometers.
It has 12 geosites of international geological and landscape relevance. A unique territory that integrates geological, aesthetic and cultural values to promote sustainable tourism, education and research.
Somoto Canyon, Piedras Pintadas Archaeological Park, Tepesomoto La Patasta Nature Reserve, donut workshops, churches with historic architecture, unique crafts, Coco River, La Bruja Lagoon and natural viewpoints of the highest municipality in Nicaragua (San José de Cusmapa) are some of the tourist options located in this geopark.
More than 700 species of birds can be found in Nicaragua, many of them permanent and a few others migratory that escape the icy climate of the north.
Among some of the species that you can observe are seagulls, rangers, pelicans, falcons, trogons and quetzals.
Depending on the habitat, it is the type of birds that can be observed in Nicaragua, in the dry tropical forest some typical species are the Saltarín Toledo, the Copetona Magpie, the Woodpecker, the Sabanero Cuckoo, and the Pacific Parrots (chocoyos).
In the case of the rain forest, it is one of the richest habitats, present in the Bosawás and Indio Maíz Nature Reserves, some of the birds that particularly inhabit are the Gray Coa Tail and the Red Bellbird, in the Mangroves, a species of bird found in these systems is the Yellow Mangrove Warbler.
Nicaragua has many types of mammals, in the forest you can find the puma, ocelot, anteaters, monkeys (white face, howler monkeys, spider), sloths, and tapirs.
The largest mammal in the world can also be seen in Nicaragua, on the Pacific coast, in San Juan del Sur, you can see whales, which migrate from north to south or vice versa. They are seen more often in the dry season. Other marine mammals that you can see are the dolphins, sometimes in the Pacific. And in the San Juan River and some Caribbean beaches, families of manatees live.
Besides the dolphins and whales there is much more to see. Not only do the Pacific and Atlantic coasts offer a variety of marine life, but also the lagoons, lakes and rivers; They have their flora and fauna.
On the Caribbean Coast of Nicaragua you can find abundant and colorful reefs surrounded by fish and other marine animals. Other animals that live in both the Caribbean and the Pacific are sea turtles.
Nicaragua is home to many terrestrial reptiles such as lizards, iguanas, which can be green or brown, called garrobos. Another water reptile is the alligator. They inhabit rivers, lakes, and ponds, but are generally not a threat to humans.