The shores of the lagoon system, with a length of 260 km2, present vegetation typical of the humid tropics, some specific to swampy areas, such as mangroves, for example, in the areas subject to flooding on the eastern coast; The mangrove is a tropical species typical of muddy areas related to seawater, but protected from wave action, generally with a high level of sedimentation and salinity.

In the municipality of Laguna de Perlas is one of the three places in Nicaragua, all of them on the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua, where there are coral reef formations: they are the Pearl Cays.

Kahka Creek Ecological Reserve_lagunaperla_naturaleza2

Kahka Creek Ecological Reserve

In the Pearl Cays, the species of lobsters, snapper, giant snail and green turtle stand out due to their economic importance. Among commercially important species (snapper, grouper, and maidenhair) and herbivorous species significant for reef sanitation (parrotfish, surgeons, and labrids), 15 different species were identified, the most abundant of which were snappers and grunts.

In the wooded mass there are many species of precious wood such as mahogany (mahogany), cedar, male cedar, royal cedar, laurel, buzzard and Santa Maria (the most used for the construction of houses and boats), among others.

Also red mangrove, black mangrove, tight or pineapple mangrove and white mangrove. The red mangrove is the predominant species, present in all the mangroves of Laguna de Perlas; the white mangrove occupies the second category for quantity; the black mangrove, in third place, in abundance, is mainly in the highest places, while the prieto or pineapple mangrove is quite scarce and is found in places close to the red mangrove.

Other important species, in danger of extinction, are the howler monkey, manatee and freshwater dolphin. The terrestrial fauna is also composed of a variety of game animals, such as: peaks, white-tailed deer, and occasionally the fawn deer, the tapir and a wide variety of birds.

Laguna de Perlas has great tourist potential both for its nature and for its multiethnic culture. Many of its communities have developed an offer of tourist services and organization of excursions, although in a limited way due to the access difficulties they face, it is possible to organize visits and excursions of great natural and cultural value.

The communities that can be mentioned are mostly Miskitas except for Orinoco, a Garífuna community in the Laguna de Perlas basin. Among them are: Marshall Point, Tasbapouni, Kahkabila, Wawashang, Awas, Pearl Cays, Brown Bank, La Fe, Halouver, Setnet Point and Roky Point.

Perlas Cays _lagunaperla_naturaleza3

Perlas Cays

nature tourism 

Air shipments are the most efficient if you need your cargo or documents to arrive quickly and securely. Perlas Cays made up of 24 islets characterized by their white sand beaches and transparent turquoise waters, they are surrounded by a coral reef in an unspoiled natural environment. It is also a hawksbill nesting sanctuary, the only one on the South Caribbean coast.

Tasbapauni: Miskito community of great scenic beauty, it is one of the groups that still depends on 80% of the existing natural resources for its survival. Here you can visit mangroves and rivers, it is located between the Caribbean Sea and the Pearl Lagoon.

Wawashang Nature Reserve: It is a large forest area in the Nicaraguan Caribbean, encompassing the municipalities of El Rama, Pearl Lagoon, El Tortuguero and Kukra Hill. It has a great wealth of biodiversity and offers the possibility of taking tours mainly along its rivers and canals. It is recommended to coordinate your visit with local tourism promoters.


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