First settlers painting

Sébaco is one of the ancient seats of the fierce Matagalpa group, which dominated the municipality between 100 AD and 1550 AD

At the beginning of the colonial era (1527) it became the head of the Great Chontal Province, by founding "Santiago de Cihua Coalt", in the vicinity of the primitive town of Sébaco. It was the northern border of the territories controlled by the Spanish empire. The town of Sébaco has had four settlements: The primitive indigenous place is known as Sébaco Viejo, then the place of Los Congos; that of Tecuanapa and the current one.

Sébaco was officially declared a city on September 28, 1996.

Sites of historical and cultural interest 

Museums

Archaeological Museum of Chagüitillo

Archaeological Museum of ChaguitilloCommunity museum that has a building built with four rooms that show the different aspects of the life of the autochthonous inhabitants of the municipality. It has an excellent value for pre-Hispanic pieces: funeral urns, lithic instruments, grinding stones, mortars, etc.

The museum can be reached by private vehicle, but if you want to live new experiences it is suggested to take a caponier or motorcycle taxi, which has a cost of 10 cordobas, it can also be reached on foot as it is located near the city center.

El Museum of Archeology and History Cihua Coatl It is a multipurpose museum that offers a collection of ceramics, statuary, lithics and petroglyphs.

Cihua Coatl

Museum of Archeology and History Cihua Coatl

In addition, we offer a Numismatics section (national and foreign banknotes); philately (postage stamp collection); a beautiful exhibition in altarpieces of prominent figures: presidents, heroes, martyrs, heroes, among others. And old documents that recount the work of the Sébacos for 300 years (national war, constitutional war, riots and transfer of the population to Nuevo Sébaco de Asunción in 1833).

Located in a small, but well-maintained building 3 blocks north of the Sébaco municipal hall.

Petroglyphs of Chaguitillo

Stones engraved by autochthonous settlers.

In the surroundings of the town of Chagüitillo there are three different sets of engraved stones. In two of them you can see anthropomorphic and zoomorphic motifs and in the third a large mural exhibits what appears to be an ancient calendar decorated with concentric circles and many monkeys in profile. It currently functions as a site museum.

National Institute of Sèbaco "Eddy Alonso": It has a historical infrastructure, many generations have passed through the classrooms of this honorable house of studies.

Legends

The municipality stands out for its legends such as: the Island of Moyuá, the stolen custody, the snake woman, the legend of Los Tamarindos de Oro, the Mocuana and the legend of El Ermitaño.

Legend of Los Tamarindos de Oro: the elders count and show the tamarind tree that is more than 500 years old, the one that remains green and leafy. The legend originates after the conquest, when in Sébaco there was abundant gold, but it was not from the area, but it was brought from the La Reina mine, in the municipality of San Ramón. They transformed it into nuggets to deceive the conquerors. The strategy did not work because the Spanish always stole it. It is said that the Spanish promised that they would bring a golden bell to Sébaco, which was never kept.

Legend of La Mocuana: According to what they say, she was a beautiful woman, the daughter of a chief, and who fell in love with a young Spaniard with whom she became pregnant, but her father never approved of her relationship because he alleged that it was treason to the tribe, for which he punished her by locking her in a cave , having as a door a huge rock that the princess could never lift.

The cave is located in front of the historic Tamarindo de Oro, on the banks of the Río Grande de Matagalpa, and is said to be a huge tunnel with an exit to the municipality of La Trinidad, in Estelí.

Legend of Oyanca: recounts the love affair between a beautiful indigenous princess and an ambitious young Spaniard, who took advantage of the love of the maiden, who while she slept waiting for her lover became a gigantic mountain, which can now be seen north of the city . Since then, she has been considered the protector of the town of Sébaco.

Real History of Fray Antonio Margil de Jesus: a Franciscan friar arrived in Sébaco in 1703, he was devoted to the Passion of Christ and used to put crosses on the hills of each place he visited. He was one of the friars most criticized by Catholic historians and had certain special gifts such as levitation.

Legend of the Serpent Cihua Coaltl: the ancient Mesoamerican goddess called Cihua Coatl (Cihua = woman and Coatl = Serpent), had a temple in the Moyuá Lagoon, where her devotees from the most remote part of the manor congregated to worship her. She was the goddess of life and death, creator with her grandson Quetzalcóatl, of the new generation Fifth Sun or Era. The chroniclers mispronounced his name and even wrote "Ciuaco" and over time, the voice Sébaco emerged to this day.

Artistic expressions, music   

There are three musical groups main in the municipality: Son de Vida, from the community of Chagüitillo, with 15 members who play accordion, flute, guitar, and rum ton ton. They perform all kinds of national and foreign music.

There is another group in the El Atillo community and they specialize in peasant music and their instruments are the guitar, the guitarrón, the violin and the accordion.

There are four dance groups In the urban area, the oldest is Danza Cihua Coatl, formed in 1998 by young people between 14 and 28 years old, led by Luis Felipe Flores Rayo.

They participate in the events of the municipality, representing it at the national level. They have also traveled to Chile and Panama in cultural representation of Sébaco.

In Sébaco you will find the group Son de Villa, Mariachi Sebaqueño and the municipal philharmonic band.

Danza Mendoza, with 15 members, was formed in 2010 with young people from 10 to 18 years old. It is directed by Jorge Luis Mendoza, an outstanding teacher who has trained in different northern folk dances.

The Municipal Dance Group It was created in February 2016, with 32 members in the children's and youth categories, under the direction of Luis Felipe Flores.

Visual artists and painters 

The pictorial tradition is preserved: Maria Teresa Chavarria, 50 years old, a resident of the urban area, who produces paintings allusive to the revolution, characters from Nicaraguan politics and landscapes of the municipality; the painter Yodeiro zeas, a 25-year-old young man, originally from Chagüitillo, who represents in his work landscapes alluding to the indigenous history of the municipality and its legends.

In addition, Erving salgado who stands out in the elaboration of paintings and drawings.

Traditional trades or practices  

Tortilla stand

The tnettle and güirileras: hand patting the dough, they are seen during the day making tortillas and güirilas. The güirilas sector has become an important economic activity in the Sébaco junction.

Midwives: The existence of this profession is known in the 36 communities of Sébaco, they are trained and certified by the Ministry of Health, to provide advice and assistance to pregnant women.

Healer or naturopathic doctor: practice of healing with herbs and natural medicine. In Sébaco, the best known are in the communities of Molino Sur, Las Pozas and Chagüitillo.

Don Bayardo salgado from the community of Chagüitillo, bets on the preservation and care of the environment by making beautiful utilitarian and decorative crafts with recycled tires.

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2023-01-25T17:29:49+00:00

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