Tola was founded in the seventeenth century, it was the territory of several indigenous groups that settled thousands of years ago, descendants of the Nahuatl and Chorotega ethnic groups. One of the references of the existence of native peoples are the numerous archaeological sites, as well as archaeological objects found on the land used for agricultural activities.

Another important aspect is its indigenous communities, a symbol of resistance and identity; among them the community stands out "Las Salinas de Nahualapa", that coexists with ancient and modern customs; oral tradition is the form of transmission of their customs and worldview.

Monumental Sculpture of The Bride of Tola tola_cultura_6

Monumental Sculpture of The Bride of Tola

Another important aspect in the life of this community are the practices of traditional ancestral medicine, with its midwives and traditional therapists standing out.

Artistic expressions and manifestations  

The maximum representation of art is the play La Novia de Tola, from the event that was a real event, the writer from Rivera Alberto Ordóñez Argüello in 1939 was inspired and turned this event into a beautiful theatrical literary work.

Hen/Stag chapanecas: Traditional local dance in the patron saint festivities of the Virgin of Guadalupe. This dance is made up of girls, adolescents, and adult women, who dance to the patron saint, in order to pay promises for a favor received during the year.

Crafts, expression of popular culture 

In the clay handicraft workshop, known as "Artesanías de mi tierra", all kinds of clay household utensils and souvenirs are made, it has been an ancestral practice transmitted from generation to generation, its owner is Mrs. Sandra Rivas and the workshop is located in El Higueral.

Archaeological Pieces tola_cultura1

Archaeological pieces

The workshop "Women weaving for nature”, Is an association made up of 21 women from the El Astillero community, who make bags, purses, bottle holders, key rings, earrings, cell phone holders, and hats, among many other souvenirs made from bags that they recycle on the coasts and surroundings. of the community. These women work for the protection of the environment and the conservation of sea turtles.

Artisanal fishing is another of the traditional trades that stands out for being a municipality of sea culture; They also work in the production of the tools they use for fishing, such as nets, harpoons, etc. The elaboration of mud bricks occurs throughout the municipality, mainly in the communities of Virgen Morena, Nancimí, Tola, El Gigante, and El Palmar; production that supplies the local market.

Shrimp farming and reproduction practices are a new economic activity implemented by the villagers to diversify the local economy.


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